Without an effective system of regulations and enforcement – systems predicated on the rule of law – threats to the environment will remain unresolved and present ever-greater challenges to society. Weak environmental protection and environmental policies can lead to major environmental problems including pollution, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, natural disasters, and poor waste management among other issues. The laws on record and their effective enforcement, together with appropriate management, are useful tools in protecting the environment and public health without constraining economic development. Adherence to the rule of law is essential to hold the government, businesses, civil society organizations, and communities accountable to these safeguards.