In most countries, women and girls suffer disproportionately from weak rule of law and face multiple barriers to justice. Women earn less than men, have limited land and property rights, encounter discrimination in education and healthcare, face gender-based violence, and are underrepresented in governance and decision-making. Even where good laws exist, women are often unaware of their rights, the laws are not always enforced, or the laws may conflict with local customs and culture. Yet women and girls are also central to solutions to many of our world’s toughest challenges. Putting the rule of law behind women’s rights leads to better family nutrition and health; improved education for children; reduced vulnerability to HIV/AIDS; better access to assets and finance for families; and greater economic growth and security for communities and nations.