This program is building the capacity of the newly created National Office for Combatting Fraud and Corruption (OFNAC) by providing a framework for its work and creating synergies between anti-corruption actors. The program will include a series of 15 sector-specific anti-corruption trainings, the creation of Best Practices Guide, which is based on internationally accepted best practices for combatting corruption that have been adapted to the Senegalese context, and the development of a Barometer of Best Practices for evaluating the implementation of anti-corruption efforts.
When it comes to corruption, Senegal ranks 36th out of 102 countries for absence of corruption in the WJP Rule of Law Index® 2015, an improvement from ranking 48th out of 99 countries in 2014. Senegal has also seen improvements in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index and there continues to be a strong political will to combat corruption. Under President Macky Sall, several new government initiatives and structures have been created, including the National Office for Combatting Fraud and Corruption (OFNAC), which has the power of self-referral to investigate corruption, the embezzlement of public funds, and fraud. However, despite these improvements, certain forms of corruption – such as bribes or kickbacks for services rendered – are widely accepted and result from deeply entrenched attitudes, making them difficult to combat in the short-term. Other forms of corruption are also able to persist because of institutional weaknesses, lack of cooperation between actors fighting corruption, and feeble mechanisms for protecting whistle-blowers and investigating their claims.
This program is building the capacity of the newly created National Office for Combating Fraud and Corruption (OFNAC), providing a framework for OFNAC's work addressing the socio-cultural causes of corruption, and creating synergies between anti-corruption actors. This program was designed by the Anti-Corruption Working Group at WJP’s Senegal Country Sortie, and is being implemented by the National Union of Senegalese Engineers (UNISEN) in three phases:
- Creating a Best Practices Guide for Combating Corruption. This guide is based on internationally accepted best practices and tailored to the context of Senegal. This guidebook is also providing a framework for OFNAC and other stakeholders combating corruption to carry out trainings and capacity building for private firms and public institutions that face the greatest risk of exposure to corrupt practices.
- Communications and Implementation. The Best Practices Guide is being promoted online and through a series of stakeholder meetings. It's also being used for a series of 15 sector-specific trainings with representatives from key firms and institutions in charge of sectorial policies for preventing corruption.
- Transition to Local Leadership. Local stakeholders are receiving training to continue the project and ensure that this program is sustained. A Barometer of Best Practices is also being developed as part of this program to evaluate its success and impact.
This program is providing a framework for OFNAC’s activities supporting anti-corruption actors and providing capacity building to leaders from a variety of sectors. The training component of this program is also helping firms define a strategy for their own anti-corruption efforts, and appoint leaders to implement this strategy in the long-term. Over time, the communications component of this program will play a role in changing attitudes and cultural norms surrounding some of the most common forms of corruption.
- Union Nationale des Organisations d’Ingénieurs du Sénégal (UNISEN) will act as the lead program implementer, responsible for rallying firms and target stakeholders, particularly engineers.
- Office national de Lutte contre la Fraude et la Corruption (OFNAC) will provide training support and facilitate public partnerships
- Global Infrastructure Anti-Corruption Centre (GIACC) – Tunisia will provide anti-corruption expertise and training support
- Group SENES/SCP GENI & KEBE will support program logistics and assist in identifying program participants