Born in France in 1928, Robert Badinter is a former French Minister of Justice (June 1981 to February 1986). Before he took office in the French government, he was a lawyer at the Paris Bar. He is also a Professor at the Sorbonne (Professor Emeritus since 1996).
As Minister of Justice, he abolished the death penalty in France and established several measures aimed at reinforcing the rights of individuals and victims.
He was President of the Constitutional Council (March 1986 - March 1995) and President of the Arbitration Commission for the former Yugoslavia (1992 - 1995).
He also was a member of the Convention European Constitution (2002 - 2003) and a member of the Executive Committee created by former Secretary General Kofi Annan to reform the UN (2003 - 2004).
Since 1995, he has been Senator and President of the Court of Reconciliation and Arbitration of the OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe). He is the author of several books.